Tainan 台南事

【Inside out系列講座 IV 】新興糊紙店講座&手作坊「自己的紙僕自己做」

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時間:2016年11月27日(SUN.)
地點:台南市中西區新美街182號

15:30 – 16:30 新興糊紙店講座(免費參加)
16:30 – 18:00 手作坊(需報名-已截止)
手作坊內容:由新興糊紙店師傅帶領,創造出專屬於自己的紙僕,透過講座學習紙糊的精神與藝術性,再用手作來體會工藝的精巧之處,用心體會傳統之美。收費:250元(報名成功請於當天櫃檯繳費)

〖關於新興糊紙店 Hsin Hsin Joss Paper〗
祖傳至今120年,師承祖父張根乞於1880年創辦的「茂興齋」紙紮店,製作的紙紮藝品在崇尚快速之時代仍然堅持傳承文化的細緻工藝,始終堅持手工古法,無論宮殿建築,乃至人物、屋宇、草蟲、鳥獸等,無不精心考究,唯妙唯肖、栩栩如生,能體現對於人靈世界的誠心尊重與傳統工藝之美好意境。師承大龍峒「茂興齋」糊紙店的紙糊創新工坊。為豐富民眾近距離接觸糊紙文化,將細膩動人的傳統紙紮技藝與現代並存。 透過工作坊教學體驗「剖、紮、剪、糊、摺、黏、繪、塑、銃」等技法,延伸更多趣味的創意發想,以達到傳統技藝的理念推廣,及技巧知識的延續。

 

主辦:佐佐目藝文工作室
贊助:財團法人國家文化藝術基金會

 

〖座談摘錄 2016.11.27〗撰文:陳湘汶

傳承了百年的手上技藝,新興糊紙店至今已經傳承到第四代。第一代張根乞手藝高超,在台灣南北都有名聲,第二代張通草則也經歷了台灣糊紙業最興盛的60年代,目前新興糊紙店的成員是第三代的張徐沛+阿欵姨夫婦、第四代的張宛瑩張徐展等。

糊紙這項傳統工藝,範圍囊括了紅白喜喪之事,技法程序繁複,重手工,因此紙紮師傅通常自小就隨師傅出入大小場子學習功夫。而台灣各地也有著名的糊紙/紙紮師傅,南北也各有其特色。可惜現代社會追求快速便利,紙紮藝品或者建醮祭台常常被工廠的輸出品所取代,傳統工藝的生存空間受到很嚴重的打壓。身為第四代的張宛瑩、張徐展姐弟,深切地體會到傳統的脈絡與開拓新舞台的必須,同時他們身上也有傳承文化的使命。在過去幾年除了協助家中在大月(農曆普渡的時節)的藝品製作外,協助地方文史工作者進行訪談、參與傳統工藝展覽、開設紙紮手作坊,都是他們推廣這項傳統美學的具體行動。

傳統的紙紮材料有兩項:竹子和紙張。光是這兩項材料就能發展出後續非常多的技術與造型美學,剖竹然後加工成型做成骨架,人物神像或獸的體態流線都以此為基礎,再來進行紙張裝飾,每個角色人物穿上代表性的顏色和裝飾符號,都是由師傅手工剪裁出來,每個式樣都依據情境和人物的設定來安排。而因為工業發展的關係,以往全手工的花紋裝飾,部分已經被印刷品所取代,不過手繪的紋樣和剪裁仍然有著不可取代的溫度。

新興糊紙店中,父親張徐沛堅守傳統工法製作紙紮藝品,2013年也已登錄為新北市傳統藝術藝師,另一方面張宛瑩姐弟則是透過各自擅長的管道來進行推廣。具有動畫、錄像藝術創作背景的張徐展,將家中紙紮的部份技術和材料結合定格偶動畫的製作,創造出深具個人語彙的作品。同時在系列作品裡面也展現了他個人自傳性的書寫,一位影像藝術家如何與傳統文化對話的過程和反饋。張宛瑩則負責工藝課程的開發與推廣,從新北市地方的活動和兒童DIY工作坊開始,他們已經開發了更多樣化的課程,例如也與插畫創作者詹昱筑一起設計立體故事書,讓小朋友手作繪本裡的可愛角色,讓這項工藝不再只是刻板印象中的生人勿近,而是有更多文化創意的活力。

數年前他們為店裡開設了臉書粉絲專頁「新興糊紙店紙紮工藝美學」,一方面分享老店的記憶也進行紙紮工藝的分享,用著年輕族群比較容易有共鳴的幽默方式,迅速累積了相當的人氣。網路社群的傳播下,陸續接到很多跨界的合作提案,甚至在2016年受邀參加法國巴黎工藝設計師周,展出靈厝、龍頭龍尾和龍骨等作品,在法籍策展人眼中這些準備被燒掉的祭品與藝術品無異,因此來台參觀後便馬上邀請張徐沛一家前往參展。傳統文化的傳承,透過一家人各盡其力,向各界發聲,期望台灣傳統美學的脈絡能夠永續發展。

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